My dad will readily admit to not having an imagination. By this, he means that he doesn't read novels. He likes movies, but prefers documentaries. He doesn't follow serialized television, but the DVR is rather full of documentaries and reality TV.
One of these recent documentary series on our DVR takes care of both of us. It's history and being a pair of history buffs, we happily watched Michael Wood's Story of England, which is available to watch on PBS.org.
Historian Michael Wood tells the history of England--from pre-Roman to the Anglo-Saxons to the Danelaw through to the Norman Conquest and beyond--through the evidence collected from archeological digs, DNA tests, contemporary accounts and very well-maintained records of one English village: Kibworth, Leicestershire.
Now, actually, Kibworth is three villages, I believe: Kibworth Harcourt, Kibworth Beauchamp (prounounced Bee-cham), and Smeeton Westerby.
I've only seen two episodes, but I will watch the last two because they explore the time periods I've tried to write in (Tudor era) and the era I am currently writing in (Georgian era). It's amazing how much evidence they were able to find through archeology and I think framing the history of an entire country through three little, centrally-located villages is genius. The show was also able to dig through the records (some of them going back to the 1200s), where the names of peasant families are recorded. Some of those families continue to live in the Kibworth area today.
It's history via a small village and therefore, its ordinary people.
Watching this program made me think about my fictional village a little more. You see, it's not enough to imagine a random village in the southwest of England. What's that village like? What's the church called? How many families are on parish poor relief?
A lot of this detailed background work isn't necessary to the story and the reader doesn't needs to know all of it. But I know that Bannersley, my fake village, being near Bath, likely had Roman inhabitants at some point. Rupert of the Rhine passed through it on his way to Bristol during the Civil War. The local lord's family has been there since at least Elizabethan times (when they got their title), but probably far longer than that.
The North Bath Road passes through the village. There are two mid-size estates and then several plots of houses with gardens and a little land attached. There's a hot spring that snakes in and around the village, clearly related to those that flow in Bath.