Now, of course, I wish we'd had more intensive writing classes. Intro to Novels. Why Your Character Won't Do As You Say 101. I wish Research Writing was about researching for novels.
But, anyway, because it's always good to remember the basics:
Type 1- "tour guide"--slow, language is leisurely. Pro: accessible to reader
Type 2- "action Jackson"--immediately in a scene
-- author puts reader right into the setting
Pro: exciting. Con: lack of information
Type 3- "fortune teller" ending is told upfront (climax)
Something is a big deal
rest of the story explains it
promising to deliver the goods
3rd person--"he, she"
- visual image
- place-setting-get it over quickly-action and dialogue
- 5 senses
- Do research. Know your setting.
- Don't write in generalities. Use "telling details"
- move along a story quickly
- In a room: two or three specific objects
Description of Place or Setting
1) Interior: "A person who owns an ice bucket and silver cocktail shaker is different from someone who owns a claw-footed tub."
2) Exterior: "To know the rhythms, the textures, the feel of a place is to come to know more deeply and truly its people."
Hemingway--9/10 of the character is underwater
What is motivating the character? What does he want? Conflict!
Frigidity-> sentimental, mannered prose-trying to impress your reader
sumation-secondary, flat characters, just one aspect
Symbols: objects that represent something that has a difficult meaning
Voice: personality of the narrator
Tone: attitude of the piece
Direct-usually character's language
Indirect-narrator's language. Inside character's head